What is UPP Social?
The UPP Social is the strategy of the City of Rio de Janeiro for the promotion of urban, social and economic integration of the areas of the city benefited by pacifying police units (UPPs). UPP Social’s mission is to mobilize and articulate municipal policies and services in these territories and to that end it coordinates the efforts of the various bodies of the City of Rio and promotes integrated actions with the state and federal governments, civil society and the private sector, always in favor of the development and quality of life in communities in UPP areas. Thus, it seeks to consolidate and deepen the advances brought about by pacification, with the aim of reversing the legacy of violence and territorial exclusion in these spaces.
Who carries out the program?
The UPP Social is a program carried out by the City of Rio de Janeiro and coordinated by the Pereira Passos Institute, a municipality that is dedicated to producing data and knowledge about the city, in order to support public management. IPP also plans and coordinates strategic urban, social and economic development projects for the city. It is up to the IPP to articulate, monitor and integrate the public actions and services of the Municipality within the scope of the Pacifying Police Units.
What is the participation of UN-Habitat in the program?
In May 2011, the City of Rio de Janeiro and UN-Habitat, the United Nations Program for Human Settlements, signed a cooperation agreement for the execution of the UPP Social program. UN-Habitat supports Instituto Pereira Passos in the global management of the program and in the production of data, analysis and monitoring of each UPP Social territory. The alliance between the City of Rio and UN-Habitat allows the UPP Social management to benefit from the international organization’s widely recognized expertise in the subject of human settlements and urban management.
What are the objectives of the program?
UPP Social has three main objectives:
• contribute to the consolidation of the pacification process and the promotion of local citizenship in pacified territories;
• promote urban, social and economic development in the territories;
• effecting the full integration of these areas with the city as a whole.
What communities are served?
All communities benefited from the Pacifying Police Units. The UPP Social is implemented shortly after the installation of the UPP. The UPP Social Forum, the official milestone of the program’s implementation, has already been held in Andaraí; Babilônia / Chapéu Mangueira; Batan; Borel; God’s city; Complexo da Penha; Complexo do Alemão; Crown / Fallet-Rocket; Escondidinho / Pleasures; Ant; Monkeys; Hose / Tuiuti; Pavão-Pavãozinho / Cantagalo; Providence; Rocinha; Willow tree; Santa Marta; São Carlos; São João / Matriz / Quiet; Tabajaras / Goats; Turano and Vidigal.
How does the UPP Social take place in pacified communities?
Even before the implementation of the UPP, from the occupation of the territory by security forces, the City Hall takes advantage of the new situation of peace to start an intensive effort to qualify urban conservation services, cleaning and garbage collection and public lighting, mobilizing the various municipal agents and with the coordination of the UPP Social. In this phase prior to the UPP, the program teams also initiate dialogue with residents and community leaders to map demands and priorities, survey equipment and public policies already available, and produce information and indicators on the area. After the establishment of the local peacemaker police unit, UPP Social formalizes its activities in the territory with the organization of a forum that brings together community leaders, NGOs and other local institutions,
What happens after implantation?
The UPP Social identifies specific demands of each territory by observing the conditions of each community and listening to residents, community leaders, health agents, school directors, religious leaders, cultural producers and all those who work in the area. The identified demands are related to data and georeferenced for a better understanding of the territory and the particularities of the various regions of the community.
This work of local listening and production of information in turn bases the articulation of actions according to the main demands identified in each territory. The program’s action cycle is completed with the structuring of work plans designed to promote access to essential public goods and services in each UPP area, always with standards compatible with those offered throughout the city. In this process, UPP Social both articulates governmental actions and supports and encourages the implementation of initiatives by civil society and companies, always with a commitment to favor integration and complementarity between all of them.
What actions are articulated by UPP Social?
UPP Social articulates initiatives that produce local development in pacified territories. They are, therefore, public policies and services offered both by the municipal, state and federal governments, as well as by civil society and private initiative. An example is the participation of UPP Social in the planning and implementation of the new garbage logistics developed by Comlurb for pacified territories, mobilizing the community to define the installation points for collection containers and for awareness and recycling actions. Traffic planning initiatives, identifying families eligible for social benefits; recovery of public and health spaces rely on the articulation of the UPP Social.
UPP Social also supports local organizations and projects; sports, cultural and leisure activities; and the generation of educational, job and business opportunities for residents of the territories.
Does UPP Social provide any assistance?
No. The UPP Social articulates demands and actions aimed at the broad development of pacified territories, supporting actions carried out by the various secretariats and agencies of the City Hall and other public and private institutions.
How does UPP Social work?
UPP Social is organized in three areas: territorial management, institutional management and information management. The Territorial Management teams are dedicated to daily dialogue with organizations and leaders of each community, identifying demands and creating new channels of participation and dialogue with the public authorities. In parallel, they deepen information on urban infrastructure and equipment in the territories, and monitor the implementation of municipal actions, facilitating the cooperation of public agents with residents and civil society organizations.
The Information Management unit promotes the continuous analysis of available quantitative and qualitative information, qualifying the demands identified in local interactions and evaluating the offer of services in each territory, in view of their demographic and social characteristics.
Finally, the Institutional Management group coordinates a network formed by technicians from the municipal departments and public companies, responsible for the agendas in each agency. This team identifies the programs and services available at the City Hall and establishes feasible commitments with the representatives of each area to respond to the priority demands identified in each community.
The UPP Social materials quote the phrase “Let’s Combine” a lot. What does this expression mean?
It means defining shared commitments and responsibilities between the government and the community. From these combined, and with a governance system that matches the demands of residents with the provision of public services and the ability to execute municipal bodies, it is possible to establish and meet goals to expand and qualify the coverage of services in the city.
Will UPP Social be a permanent program of the City of Rio de Janeiro?
No. Once the pacified communities have access to services in a quality compatible with the rest of the city, or that institutional structures exist for the access of these territories to public policies on a routine and continuous basis, the UPP Social will no longer be necessary and may leave to exist in those territories.